My, your, his, her etc…

In this lesson, we are going to talk about the words used in place of articles to indicate to whom or to what something belongs. They are called “possessive adjectives” and they agree with the  noun that follows.  So, if the noun is masculine, the possessive adjective will be masculine, if the noun is feminine the possessive adjective will be feminine.



English Possessive adjectivesMasculine singular & in front of any noun starting with a vowel or silent h *Feminine singularMasc & fem Plural
his, her, itssonsases


  1. Unlike English, his/her depends on the gender of the noun it describes. So for his OR her father, we use “son” because father has a masculine gender.

So, for his or her mother, we use “sa” because mother has a feminine gender. Ex: His father /Her father

  •    Son père   (Le père = masculine noun so we must use the masculine possessive pronoun « son » )

Ex: His mother/her mother

  •   Sa mère  (La mère= feminine noun so we must use a feminine possessive pronoun “sa”) 
  1. Ma, ta, sa  becomes  Mon, ton, son in front of a vowel or a h
  •     Mon amie (une amie)  My friend (a girl)
  •    Ton année  (une année) Your year
  •    Son histoire (une histoire) His/her story

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